Vox, Cuba, populism, OAS and the defeat of the empire in Afghanistan

In a visit more symbolic than real and in fact ineffective, the presence of Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez in Mexico lacks even political significance. The Cuban revolution died with Fidel Castro and the dictatorship of Raúl Castro is falling apart due to social mobilizations without leaderships.

On the other hand, the United States as a world empire is also experiencing its decline: the exhaustion of its military control with Iraq and Afghanistan as the “two, three, many Vietnams” that Che Guevara asked for before being betrayed by Fidel; and American domination begins to crumble from within: domestic terrorism, police repression, criminal racism, drug use, increasing street poverty, and wealth-poverty polarization.

In the middle, the Latin American countries abandoned the idealization of Cuban communism and opted for the path of caudillo and Bonapartist populism – from presidents to emperors, according to Marx – although they were dependent on the US economy and the latter no longer had the capacity to help finance the economy. economic growth of the nations of the region.

And among initiatives to ignore the functions of the OAS, the proposals to create a new Bolivarian body 2.0 with the spirit of Chávez and without the US and the absence of a Latin American strategy for national security by the White House due to Biden-Harris’ geopolitical arteriosclerosis , Mexico and Latin America appear as a battlefield between two options: the Madrid Charter of the far-right and post-Franco party Vox and its ally the PAN and the Puebla Group that brings together leaders, former presidents and populist parties of Latin America.

In this context, the populist repositioning seems to want to lay the foundations for a new regrouping of governments and political forces coinciding with anti-American sentiment, social public policies, and the continental and European articulation of political experiences. Faced with the ineffectiveness of the European Socialist International, the Puebla Group has been formed to counterbalance the European extreme right in Latin America.

Formed in 2019, the Puebla Group was signed by important figures: Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, former Bolivian President Luis Arce, former Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa, leader of the Lopez-Obradorist party Morena Mario Delgado, former Brazilian President Luis Ignazio Lula Da Silva, Argentine President Alberto Fernández, Chilean José Miguel Insulza, Chilean Camilo Lagos, former Paraguayan President José Mújica, former Bolivian President Evo Morales, Spanish Minister Irene Montero, former Spanish President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, former Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, former Colombian President Ernesto Samper, among others.

The electoral political conflict between neoliberals and populists is leading to emergency political alienations, only the dispersion of populist leaderships and the lack of a locomotive to invest and lead – as Chávez did with the Bolivarian Initiative or Fidel Castro in his best moments. as leader of the public square – the possibilities of a new Latin American body to replace the OAS are nil and in the end, the participation of the White House and its geopolitical interests of imperial domination will always have to be assumed.

The discrediting of the Cuban leadership, López Obrador’s refusal to establish himself as a continental leader – at least for now, but as a viable scenario at the end of his Presidency – and the historical exhaustion of the populism model due to the electoral pendulum swing pose a scenario geopolitical that has disoriented the White House and its mediocre world geopower strategists are part of the context that would illustrate the end of US imperial domination in a kind of crisis like the Soviet one in 1989-1991.

Cuba, Columbus, the revision of the conquest of America, the landing of the European fascist extreme right hand in hand with the PAN and the Puebla Group are part of the Latin American geopolitics that will have a settlement in Mexico in the second half of the Lopez-Obradorist administration and many ways will influence the presidential 2024.


Politics for Dummies: Politics is a game of alliances that should be seen but not shown.

Editorial novelty: acquire the book El shock neoliberal en México, Editorial Indicador Político, written by Carlos Ramírez, Samuel Schmidt and Rubi Rivera; available on Amazon in digital or printed eBook version:

The content of this column is the sole responsibility of the columnist and not of the newspaper that publishes it.

Leave a Comment