Mexico.- Mariano Matamoros was one of the heroes of the Mexico’s independence, and it is possible that this historical figure was a transgender man, according to a theory of scientists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).
In 2010, on the occasion of the bicentennial of the Independence of Mexico, INAH specialists opened the urn that kept the remains of Mariano Matamoros, and to their surprise they discovered that the remains correspond to a woman.
The finding gave rise to a curious debate about whether Mariano Matamoros was actually a trans hero, or if not, what happened to his remains.
The results of the study were published in the book “The remains of the heroes in the Monument to Independence”, where they explain that the remains of a woman between 40 and 45 years old were found in the box with the plaque “General Insurgente Mariano Matamoros, Hero of National Independence “.
¿Matamoros was trans?
Soon a theory was born that pointed out that General Matamoros was actually a woman dressed as a man, as there are historical records that affirm that he was never seen naked in public.
Added to this is the fact that the height of the woman to whom the bones analyzed by the INAH belonged suggests that her height was 1.51 meters, the same height attributed to the pro-independence hero in the chronicles of the time.
Likewise, the age of the woman’s remains agrees with the 44 years of Mariano Matamoros at the time he was shot.
The chronicler Carlos María Bustamante described the insurgent as a thin man, short, bearded and with a thick voice. However, facial hair is not seen in any of the images of him and it is known that he smoked a large number of cigars a day, which could affect his voice.
With the data collected, it is possible to think that Mariano Matamoros could have been a transgender man, a woman who disguised herself and assumed as a male, but this possibility is only a theory, since it is also possible that the analyzed remains are not the true ones of the national hero.
INAH researchers pointed out that in 1895 the neglect of the remains of the heroes of Independence that were in the Cathedral of Mexico City was documented, which is why government intervention was sought to preserve the tombs.
“In the history of the transfer and transfer of the national remains, mistakes, confusion, attention and carelessness parade; bad faith and good will; doubts and forceful affirmations by decree; secrets, conjectures and astonishment”, wrote Salvador Rueda in the INAH book.
Who was Mariano Matamoros?
Mariano Antonio Matamoros y Guridi was a priest born in New Spain on August 14, 1770, and who participated in the Mexican War of Independence.
On November 16, 1811, he joined the insurgent ranks of José María Morelos y Pavón to fight for the independence cause.
On January 5, 1814, Mariano Matamoros and the Insurgent Army suffered a crushing defeat by Iturbide’s forces, the general was caught while trying to flee across a ford.
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He was taken prisoner to Valladolid, and despite the fact that Morelos offered the viceroy 200 Spanish prisoners in exchange for Matamoros, the national hero was shot in what is now called Portal de Matamoros, in Valladolid, on February 3, 1814.