The governments of Edomex and CdMx are obliged to depopulate the Cerro del Chiquihuite.
As in the documentary QRR (who is responsible, 1970) by Gustavo Alatriste about the first illegal settlements in the Texcoco basin in what Nezahualcóyotl was forming, when a bureaucrat speaks to tired, sooty, sleepless and stunned neighbors at the ruins Smoky shacks devoured by fire where there was no water, the victims and survivors of the landslide on the Chiquihuite hill “lost since they arrived …”.
Seeing the gigantic broken rocks it is not understood that at their feet there were houses destined to disappear under thousands of tons with everything and who knows how many people.
This new tragedy once again uncovers the problem of irregular and illegal settlements in places that should never have been invaded or allowed housing construction.
The reason that in this and countless other hills (as well as ravines, riverbanks and other “protected reserves”), which are risky for human life, there are thousands of houses, is the binomial of the small need for a roof and the chronic and successive incapacity of the governments. municipal, state and federal to design and execute effective programs of a rational urban growth plan.
Instead of distributing money and encouraging tree planting, with dialogue, purchase of land, housing programs and cheap financing, these types of settlements should disappear.
The folly in Chiquihuite includes its incomprehensible political division: one fraction is in the Gustavo A. Madero mayor’s office and another in Tlalnepantla, State of Mexico.
That the collapse occurred in the part of Mexico does not exempt the government of Mexico City from the responsibility that both administrations have in the pandering of housing colonies in one of the hills of the so-called “protected” Sierra de Guadalupe.
The thesis of the graduate in Human Engineering María de Jesús Tinoco Garduño, from the Autonomous Metropolitan University, is precisely on the illegal settlements on the Chiquihuite hill and, although it deals with the capital section, its study, comments and conclusions are worth the same for La Mexiquense of the recent collapse: all the Chiquihuite residents live exposed to being crushed to death.
Pale in details, abundant in information and precise in references, the academic work was concluded last fall and reveals, for example, that in 1998 a rock rolled into the urbanized area and affected several houses in the La Pastora neighborhood; that in 2000 a landslide on the Lázaro Cárdenas (eastern slope) “caused the death of one person as a result of the fall of tons of rocks, mud and debris”; that “on another occasion, a heavy rain caused the detachment of a fence 40 meters long by 15 meters high”, collapsing four houses and affecting a strip of 20 meters.
This, much more and better, Claudia Sheinbaum and Alfredo del Mazo should have known, forced to solve the problem so that no one else had been crushed.