September 13th anniversary: ​​What happened on a day like today?


World.- In the ephemeris of this September 13 Several important events that marked the history of humanity stand out, for example: in 1501, 520 years ago, the Italian sculptor and painter Miguel Ángel Buonarroti, began to work on the sculpture of David, one of the masterpieces of the Renaissance.

What are the ephemeris of September 13?

1584.- The Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid), a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, completes the works under the orders of Felipe II.

1847.- US troops, at war with Mexico, assault the military fortress of Chapultepec, the last bastion in the defense of Mexico City.

1868.- Canadian astronomer James Craig Watson discovers the asteroid Climena from the Detroit observatory in the American town Ann Arbor.

1907.- Philippine revolutionary general Macario Sakay is assassinated by US troops during the War of Independence.

1923.- The Captain General of Catalonia, Miguel Primo de Rivera, revolts against the Spanish Government through a coup, which will have the support of King Alfonso XIII.

1941.- The political formation Democratic Action is founded in Venezuela.

1949.- The Lausanne Conference for Conciliation in Palestine, convened by the UN, ends in the Swiss city with the presence of Israel and several Arab countries.

1955.- The West German Government (FRG) agrees with the Soviets in Moscow the repatriation of 15,000 German civilians and prisoners of war.

1956.- IBM introduces the IBM 305 RAMAC, the first commercial computer to use a mobile hard disk drive for secondary storage.

1970.- The Universal Exhibition of Osaka (Japan) is closed with the visit of more than 64 million people.

1975.- Rembrandt’s famous painting “The Night Watch”, exhibited at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, suffers considerable damage when it is stabbed by a mentally unbalanced.

1985.- Nintendo launches in Japan the video game Super Mario Bros, whose series is one of the best-selling in history.

1987.- The Shiite Amal militia and the Palestinian guerrillas agree to end the war in the Lebanese camps, which caused 2,500 deaths over three years.

1993.- Israeli Prime Minister Isaac Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign the Oslo accords in Washington, which sponsor the creation of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

1999.- A bomb attack attributed to Muslim extremists causes 118 deaths in a residential building in Moscow (Russia).

2001.- The Peruvian courts issue a national and international arrest warrant against former president Alberto Fujimori for crimes of homicide, serious injuries and forced disappearance of persons.

2007.- The UN approves in New York (USA) the Declaration of Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

2010.- The Mexican Navy delivers the alleged drug trafficker Sergio Villareal Barragán, alias “El Grande” and head of the Beltrán Leyva brothers’ cartel, to the Attorney General’s Office.

2011.- A federal court in Buenos Aires acquits former Argentine President Carlos Menem of arms smuggling to Croatia and Ecuador.

2015.- Germany restores border controls with Austria following the arrival of a record number of refugees fleeing the violence in Syria and Iraq.

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2018.- The Spanish Congress of Deputies approves the modification of the Historical Memory Law that will allow the exhumation of the remains of the dictator Francisco Franco of the Valley of the Fallen.

Who was born on September 13?

1903.- Claudette Colbert, American actress.

1911.- Bill Monroe, American musician, founder of bluegrass.

1924.- Maurice Jarre, American musician of French origin, composer of soundtracks.

1941 – Óscar Arias, former president of Costa Rica, Nobel Peace Prize.

1943.- Luis Eduardo Aute, Spanish singer-songwriter.

1944.- Jacqueline Bisset, British actress.

1949.- Fred “Sonic” Smith, American musician, MC5 guitarist.

1967.- Michael Johnson, American athlete.

1996.- Lili Reinhart, American actress.

Who died on September 13?

1506.- Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter and printmaker.

1592.- Michel Montaigne, French essayist and philosopher.

1598.- Felipe II, King of Spain.

1873.- Eduardo Rosales, Spanish painter.

1995.- Francesco Messina, Italian escultor.

2001.- Dorothy McGuire, American actress.

2011.- Richard Hamilton, British painter, pioneer of “Pop Art”.

2017.- Grant Hart, American musician.

2019.- Eddie Monney, American singer.

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